全球設計風向感謝來自 CCDI悉地國際北京室內設計中心 的改造空間/民宿項目案例分享：
The predecessor of the project was a furniture factory in the suburbs of Beijing. Under the background of evacuation of non-capital functions, it was abandoned for many years and piled up with lathes because of no one used. In recent years, due to the promotion of rural revitalization, it has been transformed into a boutique hotel without changing the outer shape of the original building after consultation with many parties.
∇ 廠倉改造前現場 The renovation site
∇ 改造前後對比 Retrofit comparison
In terms of the functional concept to be replaced, we hope that the transformation of abandoned factory buildings will be accompanied by the transformation of suburban and rural functions, and provide a sample reference for the transformation of abandoned rural properties.
01 #銘記 REMEMBER
保留屋麵和建築輪廓 Preserve roof and building outline
The original factory building is located in the west of Houbaihujian Village, close to the foot of Yanshan Mountain. You can see the white stone and green forest from the courtyard，and this is an unattainable scenery in the city .
∇ 周邊環境 Surroundings
As a small cluster in the west of the village, the factoer consists of several independent workshops and close to the residential buildings. After decades of siege, there are no gaps around the factory building. Since the west side is adjacent to the transportation railway slope, the site cannot be retreated, and it has almost become a secret “base”.
Under the squeeze of the surroundings on the factory building, the red lines and boundaries of the building have become unalterable established facts. The transformation idea cannot be changed and can only focus on the inner core. The design principle uses the original roof slope and direction to form the basis of the interior layout, shifting the design focus from the immovable “outside” to the rich and variable “inside”.
Change because of the “factory” and become a warehouse because of the abundance of storage. This is the meaning of the name “factory warehouse”.
02 #新生 REBIRTH
集中場景美學，放大空間故事 Focus on the aesthetics of the scene and enlarge the story of the space
In the primary concept of scenes, we summarized “scenescapes” as the display of people’s specific activities in space from the perspective of theater. With the diversified development of Chinese cities, the New Chicago School refers to the “scene” as the overall cultural style or aesthetic characteristics of a place, and it gives meaning, experience and emotional resonance to urban life along with the consumption background.
∇ 廠倉民宿空間的場景層級，由人的行為起始空間序列 The scene level of the factory warehouse space starts with the spatial sequence of human behavior
Starting from the function of scene definition, we hope to enlarge the multi-faceted nature of the core space of the B&B in the factory warehouse in a space that is not confined to living, and then complete the social significance of scene aesthetics in space transformation.
∇ 場景集合—“scenescapes” Scene Collection—scenescapes”
內核的裂變、功能的疊加 Core fission, superposition of functions
Adhering to the principle of continuity of the core, we retain the form of the building space, but taking into account the behavior adaptation of people in the space, the empty factory buildings are divided into public living rooms, leisure areas, bedrooms and other areas, which are renewed by functional upgrades.
∇ 屋麵—原空間—分隔後空間形態 Roof—original space—space form after separation
The original factory space is nearly 7 meters at the highest point of the inclined slope, and the height of the space gives full freedom of transformation. Meanwhile, the inclined roof also caused a waste of space.
Because the east-west direction of the old building is a sloped roof structure, we combined the roof orientation of the old building to design different spaces into different styles, and dividing them into loft and flat rooms according to different space heights, finally combined into the following space: 1 porch + public living room, 2 large LOFTs on the north side, 2 small LOFTs on the south side, 1 flat roof on the west side, and 1 public bathroom + entertainment room.
∇ 各空間拆解後的主構成層級 The main composition level after dismantling each space
The entire factory warehouse enters through the porch. Under the planning conditions that the living room and two large lofts occupy the main factory building, the living room has a sunken space and a multi-functional couch, and the original blocked triangular windows are removed to introduce natural light from the outside.
∇ 入戶門廊 Entrance porch
∇ 客廳全景 The living room
The two large lofts on the north side take advantage of the height of the space to increase the mezzanine, and set up a terrace in the connecting position with the living room. The wall facing the terrace is added with a bookcase gable, which makes full use of the original height as the theme function and increases the interaction of people in the space to enrich the possibility of event scenes.
∇ 北側夾層露台 Mezzanine terrace on the north side
∇ 南側書牆 Book wall on the south side
In order to create a better experience environment, the designer set up hidden light strips, spot lights, spotlights and various lighting designs at the top, middle and low-altitude areas of the space, so that the living room space can give people a different feeling of light in both day and night environments.
The two large lofts on the north side are connected by the living room terrace, and are affected by the sunrise light to interpret two different themes of light and dark. The east side LOFT uses daylight to carry pure white into the space design, and the west side LOFT becomes a fusion of rainforest elements and bubble pools.
∇ 北側大 LOFT-01-暗環境中雨林和泡池元素 LOFT-01 on the north side-rainforest-bubble pool elements in dark environment
∇ 北側大 LOFT-02-利用東向日光凸顯白色主元素 LOFT-02 on the north side- uses eastward daylight to highlight the white elements
In order to avoid the restriction brought by the sloping roof, the two small LOFTs on the south side of the living room optimize the space according to the height limit. The residential core of the room abandons the concept of “layer” and moves directly upward as a “nest”, weakening the daily functions due to its small size, and combining necessary functions with spatial components.
∇ 南側小 LOFT-01-輕工業風格 LOFT-01 on the south side-light industrial style
∇ 南側小 LOFT-02-原木盒子 LOFT-02 on the south side-native style
The westernmost townhouse was originally the painting workshop of a woodworking furniture factory. The living room and its connecting place are the glass corridors of the factory building, which were preserved during the renovation process and used to sway light on the west side.
∇ 玻璃磚的質感與傾瀉而下的陽光形成通透的入口關係 The texture of the glass brick forms a transparent entrance relationship with the pouring sunlight
彌補了西側自然光缺失的缺陷 It makes up for the lack of natural light on the west side
∇ 西側平層客房入口 Entrance of flat-floor room on the west
In terms of its spatial structure, the designer retained the original wooden beam frame of the building, and transformed the external exhaust well into a green window well, shielding the noisy environment of the western railway and ensuring ventilation.
Entering the room, the west wall is a lighting wall at sunset, and the light between the open and closed windows is virtual and solid, forming a spatial interactive experience.
∇ 綠意滲透的開合“窗井”-為原廠房排氣井 The “window well” permeated by greenery-is the original factory exhaust well
In addition to the structure of the space itself, the designer puts more emphasis on the use of “light”. When light reaches a certain balance in the space, the space also creates another sense of comfort to a certain extent. Therefore, even if the shape of the roof has not been changed, a certain balance has been found through the adjustment of internal functions.
Throughout the warehouse, light has always played a special role in the space, and the three living areas surrounding the living room are presented at different heights. In the daytime, natural light can pass through the sloping roof through the glass corridor connecting with the living room, and shine into the living room, so that the entire space of the living room can receive natural light during the day.
04 #延續 EXTEND
材質作為元素介入成為每個空間的主題 Material intervention as an element becomes the theme of each space
The representative material of northern dwellings, “red brick”, as the main element of the factory warehouse, continues the open-minded texture of the original factory building. The living room and public porch are based on this material to continue the senses.
According to the theme of each space, the designer picks up the materials and uses the main material color to match the theme function, de-decorates, and clarifies the representative materials of each space as the representative vocabulary of the room.
∇ 材質語言即空間主題 Use material language as the space theme
As another iterative update of the backyard homestay products, the factory warehouse follows the principle of making good use of the old, continues the building’s own era memory, and retains the space roof and partition form.
The transformation principle strives to express the design tension in the restricted conditions, extracts applicable elements from the local environment for design, and extends on top of it, combining culture, art, humanities and other multi-dimensional perspectives to interprets the social value of the transformation of old factory buildings under the background of urban renewal and rural development.
項目設計 & 完成年份：2019.12—2020.08
主要用材&品牌 主要用材： 紅磚、原木飾麵、綠色馬賽克、複古拚花瓷磚、編織地毯、石塑地板、哈比特板品牌：Gabriel布藝，維孚編織地毯，普隆石塑地板，聖戈班哈比特板
Project name：Factory warehouse renovation
Designed by CCDI Beijing Interior Design Center
Contact e-mail：[email protected]
Design year & Completion Year：2019.12—2020.08
Leader designer & Team Leader designer: Li ZhiyuTeam: Wang Xiaoxia, Zeng Huifan, Zhang Ying，Li Xia， Li Tiantian, Gong Lei，and Qi Changliang.
Hotel Backyard Inn Boutique B&B
Project location：Beijing / Changping district
Gross Built Area (square meters)：380㎡
Photo credits：Lu Fei，Ren Enbin
Brands / Products used in the project Materials: red bricks, log veneers, green mosaics, retro mosaic tiles, woven carpets, stone plastic floors, Habit boardsBrands : Gabriel，Wayflor，PuLong,，Saint-Gobain